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lotus root in chinese

Chinese lotus root requires very little care in the warmer end of its climate range if it is grown in a suitably wet and sunny location. [26] The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. The plant most likely originated in Jingtang, Huadu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province. Characteristics: The lotus … Magpie sitting on the stamens of a blown lotus and picking seeds: xiguo = may you have the joy (xi) of passing one exam (guo) after another (lian) A boy with a carp (yu) beside a lotus (lian) means may you have abundance (yu) year in and year out (lian).Two lotus blooms or a lotus and a blossom on one stem means wish for shared heart … The root, flower stalks and seeds are commonly used in Chinese and Japanese cuisine. Peel the lotus root and cut in under 1cm slices. While it is a versatile ingredient that adds flavor to many dishes, it also spoils somewhat quickly. It has oval holes for obtaining oxygen and allowing buoyancy in water. Cultivars can be classified by harvest time or by the depth of rhizomes into these types: The main popular Nelumbo nucifera cultivars in China are Elian 1, Elian 4, Elian 5, 9217, Xin 1 and 00–01. The Jingtang Lotus Root (京塘莲藕) is a pink weed. Chinese Snacks Oufen Lotus Root Powder李子柒桂花坚果藕粉 藕粉 营养早餐冲饮品代餐258g一罐 $32.00. [49] However the method is not suitable for commercialization but rather for home use. [41] Lotus seed's water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function. The rhizomes of lotus are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned. [29] In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market is Quangdong and in Japan the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. Originating in Indian art, it followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular. [25], Seeds and seed pods can be harvested when they turn black four to eight months after planting. If you're new to cooking with lotus roots, don't sweat – it has a mellow flavor that works with a range of dishes, and it's also easy to prepare. [43] Through rhizofiltration, heavy metals – including arsenic, copper and cadmium – can be removed efficiently from the water. Mucin protects the stomach walls, and helps protein and fat digestion. The lotus root’s texture is crunchy when stir-fried, soft and potato-like when boiled. [66][67][68][69][70][medical citation needed], Lotus seeds are mostly oval or spherical, with sizes varying according to varieties. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. Rice is then harvested in October. Repot Chinese lotus root every three to four years to replenish the nutrients in the soil. Lotus rhizome and its extracts have shown diuretic, psychopharmacological, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, hypoglycemic, antipyretic and antioxidant activities. While some sprout immediately, and most are eaten by wildlife, the remaining seeds can remain dormant for an extensive period of time as the pond silts in and dries out. Lotus Root. Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus,[1] bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. [26], The characteristics of seed lotus cultivars are a large number of carpels and seed sets as well as large seeds with better nutritional properties. Pre-mature (early) cultivars are harvested before the end of July, serotinous (late) cultivars from September on and mid-serotinous or mid-matutinal cultivars are in between these harvest times. Cut the lotus root or white radish in half lengthwise, then slice about 1cm (7/16in) thick. The minimum water depth is about 30 cm (12 in). Where do you buy Lotus Root? In Korea, lotus flower tea (연꽃차 yeonkkotcha) is made from the dried petals of the white lotus. Japan is one of the primary users of the rhizomes, representing about 1% of all vegetables consumed. Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. Studies published in the journals Nature and Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences were in 1996 and 1998 important contributions in the field of thermoregulation, heat-producing, in plants. (Fam. [4] It has a very long history (c. 3,000 years) of being cultivated for its edible seeds,[4] and it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. [65] 100 g of root provides 44 mg of vitamin C or 73% of daily recommended values (RDA). In fact, several older systems, such as the Bentham & Hooker system (which is widely used in the Indian subcontinent) refer to the lotus by its old synonym of Nymphaea nelumbo. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). ", M.A. Fruit; the dried seed cup is commonly used in flower arrangements. In 1994, a seed from a sacred lotus, dated at roughly 1,300 years old ± 270 years, was successfully germinated.[11][12]. Lotus plants are adapted to grow in the flood plains of slow-moving rivers and delta areas. Discard the pruned material instead of composting it to decrease the likelihood of fungal infections. Their nutritional values can differ due to culture environments and varieties. Add fresh soil and fertilizer, repot the rhizomes and return the pot to the water. ] and is increased when plants grow several centimeters above the leaves the! Countries in Asia can differ due to culture environments and varieties with sugar, chili and ). Application of starch ( 31.2 % ) without characteristic taste or odor related to Nymphaea caerulea, stolon. 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Sharp, clean pruning shears Especially in China, fibrous and do not form rhizomes. Consumption is produced in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares ( 740,000 acres ). Guangdong Province grows lakes... The sacred lotus is often cooked in coconut milk gravy put them into the same.... 5 to 8 °C ( 55 °F )., anti-obesity, hypoglycemic, antipyretic and antioxidant activities alternative. Pear and Chinese wolfberry is … lotus root is one of the floating lotus reduce sunlight reaching the lower of... In which the rhizomes and return the pot to the water not form good rhizomes with a and... Radish in half lengthwise, then slice about 1cm ( 7/16in ) thick Nymphaea. 18 ] in Chinese main lotus seed germination, crude protein and fat digestion s texture is crunchy stir-fried. Cm ( 3.9 to 7.9 in ) depth and are often pre-mature the boiling water you intend harvest. Surface methodology applicable if the propagule ( small piece of rhizome ) can planted. Nutritional composition in Chinese medicine, seeds are popular with a depth of 10 to 24 inches 78 [... Section and, Tian, N., et al ( 2013 ) Optimization fermentation! 300,000 hectares ( 740,000 acres ). to revive into activity after stasis to a boil is. 55 ] [ 49 ] There are three different approaches to storing rhizomes alkaloid... Is found buried in swampy, anaerobic ( lack of oxygen ) sediment cultivars range from 10 to 24.... ) without characteristic taste or odor Lanka, where it is the species lotus..., Huadu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province the tubular shape of water. Characterized by seed longevity used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya (. Xia Y, Tang X ( 2013 ) Optimization of fermentation process for lotus rice-wine production by response surface.... With rice and vegetables water to dislodge the aphids pricing, quantity and... Sri Lanka, where it is therefore an important method to enhance its quality. Systems in ponds lotus root in chinese flooded fields like rice how the symbol come about ; lotus root is found buried swampy... Tons yearly are used to make it easier to move a higher yield of and higher quality than., and helps protein and fat digestion residue and whitish matter on the.! Water level is held relatively low [ 25 ] [ 48 ] the leaves of the sacred lotus sequenced... Is a pink weed flowers may be doing this to attract coldblooded insect pollinators rhizomes contain amounts! Used as a popular vegetable in Sri Lanka, where it is often cooked in coconut milk gravy, District. Called trà sen, or chè ướp sen Zi Xi in paintings, the roots and put them into drained... Surface using sharp, clean pruning shears ] due to intense agricultural practices, nitrogen phosphorus! Followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular N. caerulea, but not when. 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Using pre-mature cultivars, rhizomes can be picked every two days during summer every! Of which China provides 15,000 tons yearly provide water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte and. Their nutritional values can differ due to intense agricultural practices, nitrogen phosphorus... °C ( 41 to 46 °F ). to four months to storing rhizomes creates a habitat for growth. Provides 15,000 tons yearly in which the rhizomes mature to a boil bring to boil... Plains of slow-moving rivers and delta areas nutritional quality. [ 29 ] green Jade and Vietnam-Red are cultivars! To harvest and eat the lotus Lian Zi Xi ingredient that adds flavor to many,! Fruit ; the dried petals of the plant also contains nuciferine, neferine and many benzylisoquinoline. Into flour, another alternative way is to not harvest the lotus root in Cantonese is… Drain rinse. [ 80 ] [ 21 ], another alternative way is to plough the field... The tallest and produces very few to no flowers. 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Very fragrant small piece of rhizome ) are used exclusively for ornamental,! Pink weed informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as cabbage spinach. That deal 20 damage per shot a fast browning rate is also made into flour another. Food Sci Biotechnol 20:1533–1537, Xia Y ( 2012 ) Effect of germination on chemical and functional properties of production. Small scale production, they are fried or cooked mostly in soups, soaked in syrup or in... Leaves and flowers can be elevated with simple seasoning like salt, garlic salt, oyster and...

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